SV – Engelska, lång lärokurs

17.9.2021

Provet består av fyra delar: hörförståelse, läsförståelse, ordförråd och strukturer samt skriftlig framställning.

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Part 1: Listening Comprehension

Provet omfattar uppgifter i hörförståelse.

 
Du kan justera ljudvolymen uppe i högra hörnet av rutan.

1. Student Football 6 p.

This is a pre-game announcement in Elland Road Stadium. You may listen to the recording twice. Listen to the recording and answer the questions in Swedish. Please write a concise answer not exceeding 100 characters for each question. Exceeding the maximum number of characters will lead to points being cut.

1.1 Hur märks de studerandes goda sportsliga anda? (max 100 characters) 3 p.

 

1.2 Vad borde åskådarna undvika? (max 100 characters) 3 p.

 
00:34
The whole recording
2 lyssningsgånger kvar.

2. Good Morning Britain (video) 12 p.

This is an episode of Good Morning Britain, where the hosts Piers Morgan and Susanna Reid debate climate change together with the guests Mike Neville and Skeena Rathor. You can play the video as many times as you want to. Read the questions carefully and choose the best alternative.

2.1 Why does Piers Morgan bring up Greta Thunberg? 3 p.

 

2.2 What is Mike Neville especially worried about? 3 p.

 

2.3 What does Susanna Reid want Skeena Rathor to prove? 3 p.

 

2.4 What does Skeena Rathor mean with the term breadbasket? 3 p.

 

3. The Myth of Elizabeth 6 p.

This is the beginning of a podcast on the myth of Queen Elizabeth I. You may listen to the recording twice. Listen to the recording and answer the questions in Swedish. Please write a concise answer not exceeding 100 characters for each question. Exceeding the maximum number of characters will lead to points being cut.

3.1 Vad sägs det om sanningshalten i historiska myter? (max 100 characters) 3 p.

 

3.2 Varför tror människor på historiska myter? (max 100 characters) 3 p.

 
01:04
The whole recording
2 lyssningsgånger kvar.

4. Innovation 6 p.

This is a podcast of a professor talking about his innovation. You may listen to the recording twice. Listen to the recording and answer the questions in Swedish. Please write a concise answer not exceeding 100 characters for each question. Exceeding the maximum number of characters will lead to points being cut.

4.1 Vad går det snabbare att göra med metoden som forskargruppen har utvecklat? (max 100 characters) 3 p.

 

4.2 Vad bygger metoden på? (max 100 characters) 3 p.

 
00:25
The whole recording
2 lyssningsgånger kvar.

5. Whale Songs 18 p.

This is a National Geographic podcast episode, where Brian Skerry, Vaughn Wallace and Ellen Garland discuss humpback whales. You can listen to it twice – first straight through and then in shorter sections. Read the questions carefully, listen to the recording and choose the best alternative for each item.
04:10
The whole recording
1 lyssningsgång kvar.

5.1 What is Brian Skerry best known for? 3 p.

 

5.2 Which of the following alternatives corresponds with Brian Skerry’s depiction of whale songs best? 3 p.

 
01:20
The passage related to questions 5.1 and 5.2.
1 lyssningsgång kvar.

5.3 What did Brian Skerry come to know a while ago? 3 p.

 

5.4 What is the purpose of whale songs? 3 p.

 
01:22
The passage related to questions 5.3 and 5.4.
1 lyssningsgång kvar.

5.5 How do whale songs resemble human songs? 3 p.

 

5.6 What is said about changes in whale songs? 3 p.

 
01:30
The passage related to questions 5.5 and 5.6.
1 lyssningsgång kvar.

6. Detecting Earthquakes under Pandemic Lockdown 9 p.

This is a podcast about detecting and recording earthquakes during the COVID-19 lockdown. You can listen to this part twice: first straight through and then in short sections. Read the questions carefully and choose the best alternative.
02:02
The whole recording
1 lyssningsgång kvar.

6.1 In what way has the quiet created by the pandemic lockdown helped seismologists? 3 p.

 
00:52
The passage related to question 6.1.
1 lyssningsgång kvar.

6.2 What can seismologists do once they have identified new seismic signals? 3 p.

 
00:27
The passage related to question 6.2.
1 lyssningsgång kvar.

6.3 How could the seismic signals recorded during lockdown aid in the tracking of human activity? 3 p.

 
00:46
The passage related to question 6.3.
1 lyssningsgång kvar.

7. Miniature Horse Therapy (video) 12 p.

This is a video about pet therapy animals. You can play the video as many times as you want to. Read the questions carefully and choose the best alternative.

7.1 Why are miniature horses good therapy animals? 3 p.

 

7.2 Which of the following describes how many people feel when they encounter the miniature horses? 3 p.

 

7.3 Apart from providing fun to lift their mood, how else do the miniature horses help people in need? 3 p.

 

7.4 Which of the following would be the best alternative title for this report? 3 p.

 

8. Missed Flight 12 p.

This is a conversation in an airport, between a passenger and an airline representative. For each question, decide which of the airline representative’s responses is the most polite. You can listen to the passenger’s line once and to each option as many times as you like.

8.1 Listen, and choose the most polite response. 3 p.

Passenger: Hi, I’ve just come off the plane from Munich, but it was delayed by the fog, and I’ve missed my connecting flight. Can you help me?

00:12
The passenger’s line.
1 lyssningsgång kvar.

Customer Service Representative:

 

8.2 Listen, and choose the most polite response. 3 p.

Passenger: Thanks. Let me just get my boarding card… Ok, I was meant to be on BA1892 to Glasgow at 4:35 this afternoon.

00:17
The passenger’s line.
1 lyssningsgång kvar.

Customer Service Representative:

 

8.3 Listen, and choose the most polite response. 3 p.

Passenger: Yes, is that going to be a problem?

00:05
The passenger’s line.
1 lyssningsgång kvar.

Customer Service Representative:

 

8.4 Listen, and choose the most polite response. 3 p.

Passenger: Oh, for sure I don’t want to wait until tomorrow, so definitely 8:20 tonight please. But, by the way, will I be able to get a refund on the ticket cost?

00:14
The passenger’s line.
1 lyssningsgång kvar.

Customer Service Representative:

 

Part 2: Reading Comprehension

9. Letters to the Editor 8 p.

Read the text carefully and then answer the questions.

Insurance – give and take

9.1 What is the good news for Tom McElligott? 2 p.

 

9.2 Why is McElligott still not happy? 2 p.

 

Real action needed to promote cycling

9.3 What has the Irish Government done to promote cycling? 2 p.

 

9.4 What does Bill Power think about the Government’s campaign? 2 p.

 

10. The Real Lord of the Flies 21 p.

Read the text carefully and then answer the questions.

10.1 What got the writer interested in Golding’s Lord of the Flies in the first place? 3 p.

 

10.2 How is the success of Golding’s Lord of the Flies explained? 3 p.

 

10.3 Why did Peter Warner pay attention to the island? 3 p.

 

10.4 What is revealed about the boys’ escape from the school? 3 p.

 

10.5 What helped the boys survive the boat trip? 3 p.

 

10.6 What did the boys do if there was any disagreement? 3 p.

 

10.7 Which alternative best ends the quote by Peter Warner and captures the idea of this text? 3 p.

 

11. Tech News 21 p.

Read the text carefully and then answer the questions in Swedish. Please write a concise answer not exceeding 100 characters for each question. Exceeding the maximum number of characters will lead to points being cut.

11.1 Vilket fel var orsaken till fantomringningarna? (max 100 characters) 3 p.

 

11.2 Hur hotar Ring privatlivet? (max 100 characters) 3 p.

 

11.3 Vad gör Rings nyaste produkt? (max 100 characters) 3 p.

 

11.4 Vad var föremål för dataintrånget? (max 100 characters) 3 p.

 

11.5 Hur avslöjades hackningen? (max 100 characters) 3 p.

 

11.6 Vad sade Blackbaud till en början om skadorna? (max 100 characters) 3 p.

 

11.7 Vad ska de som drabbats av hackningen göra? (max 100 characters) 3 p.

 

12. Practice, Hard Work, and Giving Up 16 p.

Read the text carefully and then choose the best option for each gap in the text.

This yields the following summary: for grit to be potentially useful, a task needs to be 12.1   difficult to complete successfully capable of being accomplished interesting enough for the person 3 p., you need 12.2   the potential to accomplish it a suitable education support from other people 3 p. given enough time, 12.3   the motivation for it the amount of practice the rewards of achieving it 3 p. need to be large enough, relative to the investment you put in, and the probability of 12.4   quick initial progress achieving those benefits an unsuccessful outcome 3 p. is comparably high.

While that does leave many tasks for which passionate persistence and practice might pay off (and many for which it will not), this utility always exists in the context of other people doing likewise. For that reason, beyond a certain ceiling of effort more is not necessarily much of a guarantee of success. You can think of grit as something 12.5   that is a prerequisite for success rather than a great determinant that some persons are quite simply better at than others that we need to succeed in almost anything we want to achieve 2 p.. Finally, all of that needs to be weighed against the other things you could be doing with your time. Time spent being gritty about sports is time not spent being gritty about academics, which is time not spent being gritty about music, and so on.

If you want to reach your potential within a domain, there’s really no other option. You’ll need to invest lots of time and effort. 12.6   Figuring out where that effort should go Finding enough time to practice Motivating yourself to make the effort 2 p. is the tricky part.

13. What is ‘Fake News’? 20 p.

Read the text carefully and then choose the best option for each gap in the text.

‘Fake news’ is news stories that are either completely untrue, or do not contain all the truth, with a view   with one newspaper to inform and amuse of which you form an opinion to start a public debate whose content you disagree with to deliberately misdirecting readers of influencing voters 2 p..

Fake news became prominent during the US election, with supporters of both sides tweeting false information in the hope   with one newspaper to inform and amuse of which you form an opinion to start a public debate whose content you disagree with to deliberately misdirecting readers of influencing voters 2 p..

In May 1897, Mark Twain, the American author, was in London. Rumours reached the US that he was very ill and, later, that he had died. In a letter to Frank Marshall White, a journalist who inquired after his health as a result, Mark Twain suggested that the rumours had started because his cousin, who shared his surname, had been ill a few weeks before. He noted dryly to White, “The report of my death was an exaggeration”.

It had, nonetheless, been widely reported in the US,   with one newspaper to inform and amuse of which you form an opinion to start a public debate whose content you disagree with to deliberately misdirecting readers of influencing voters 2 p. even printing an obituary.

Fake news is not:

  • Articles on satirical or humorous websites, or related publications, that make a comment on the news by satirising them, because this is intended   with one newspaper to inform and amuse of which you form an opinion to start a public debate whose content you disagree with to deliberately misdirecting readers of influencing voters 2 p., not misinform;
  • Anything obvious that ‘everyone already knows’ (often described using the caption ‘that’s not news’); or
  • An article   with one newspaper to inform and amuse of which you form an opinion to start a public debate whose content you disagree with to deliberately misdirecting readers of influencing voters 2 p..

The calculated intention of fake news   at least small differences with opinions are based only on facts in their views potential bias both conscious and unconscious without false accusations to mislead is crucial 2 p..

It is worth remembering that everyone has their opinions, and therefore sources of   at least small differences with opinions are based only on facts in their views potential bias both conscious and unconscious without false accusations to mislead is crucial 2 p. in what they write. These may be the kind we are aware of – or not. News organisations tend to have an organisational ‘view’ or political slant. For example, the UK’s Guardian is broadly left-wing, and most of the UK tabloids are right-wing   at least small differences with opinions are based only on facts in their views potential bias both conscious and unconscious without false accusations to mislead is crucial 2 p., and this affects both what they report and how they report it.

As a reader, you also have prejudices,   at least small differences with opinions are based only on facts in their views potential bias both conscious and unconscious without false accusations to mislead is crucial 2 p., and these affect the stories you choose to read, and the sources you use. It is therefore possible to self-select only stories that confirm your own view of the world, and social media is very good at helping with this.

To overcome this, it is important to use more than one source of information, and try to ensure that they have   at least small differences with opinions are based only on facts in their views potential bias both conscious and unconscious without false accusations to mislead is crucial 2 p. in their political views.

Part 3: Grammar and Vocabulary

14. The Real Lord of the Flies 14 p.

What words could replace the underlined words in the text? Choose the alternative that best fits the context and conveys a similar meaning. The same text is used for Reading Comprehension task 10 (material 10.A).

14.1 For centuries Western culture has been permeated by the idea that humans are selfish creatures. 2 p.

 

14.2 An English schoolmaster, William Golding, made up this story in 1951 – his novel Lord of the Flies would be hailed as one of the classics of the 20th century. 2 p.

 

14.3 I came across an obscure blog that told an arresting story. 2 p.

 

14.4 This wild creature leaped from the cliffside and plunged into the water. 1 p.

 

14.5 Skies were fair; only a mild breeze ruffled the calm sea. 1 p.

 

14.6 Not a tropical paradise with waving palm trees and sandy beaches, but a hulking mass of rock, jutting up more than a thousand feet out of the ocean. 2 p.

 

14.7 The kids agreed to work in teams of two, drawing up a strict roster for garden, kitchen and guard duty. 2 p.

 

14.8 One of them fashioned a makeshift guitar from a piece of driftwood, half a coconut shell and six steel wires salvaged from their wrecked boat – an instrument Peter has kept all these years – and played it to help lift their spirits. 2 p.

 

15. An Ancient “Lost City” Teeming with Life 10 p.

Read the text carefully and fill in each gap in English according to the clue and using the correct form in each sentence.

Located in corner of Honduras and the northern tip of Nicaragua, the dense tropical forest of La Mosquitia is – until recently – scientifically explored places on Earth. In 2013, archaeologists using LIDAR (light detection and ranging) mapping technology unearthed the remains of an ancient, “lost city” buried .

Ever since, researchers have been studying this dense jungle, looking for more of the ancient Mesoamerican city’s remains, scouring its untouched terrain in search of wildlife. What they recently found was greater than they had anticipated: a rich ecosystem teeming with hundreds of species of fauna and flora – had been believed to be extinct.

In 2017 a team of biologists spent two weeks in the jungle the many rare and endangered species that have found the watershed of the River Plátano, to be the perfect environment in.

The main explanation for such diversity is that the area remained practically untouched by humans after the ancestors of indigenous communities who now live in the region inexplicably left the ancient city that once stood there.

16. This Does Not Look Right 9 p.

You are applying to a university in the UK, and below is the beginning of your motivation letter. It has register clashes, which have been underlined. Replace the underlined expression with a more formal and/or polite one.

Ever since I was ten years old, I’ve known my future career will involve working with people. At secondary school, I grew extremely interested in psychology. Things related to the human mind, like emotions and behaviour patterns are highly intriguing. Since I want to specialise in child psychology and especially learning problems, Johnston University would provide me with the best possible education. My aim is to get as thorough an understanding as possible to be able to help children overcome obstacles hindering them from learning.

Johnston University and its famous psychology department play a big role in research and in education. And, the open curriculum has various benefits. Being able to study a lot of languages will help me to interact and create stronger networks. I am also a bit interested in having social sciences as my minor subject.

Ever since I was ten years old, known my future career will involve working with people. At secondary school, I grew extremely interested in psychology. related to the human mind, emotions and behaviour patterns are highly intriguing. Since I to specialise in child psychology and especially learning problems, Johnston University would provide me with the best possible education. My aim is to as thorough an understanding as possible to be able to help children overcome obstacles hindering them from learning.

Johnston University and its famous psychology department play a role in research and in education. , the open curriculum has various benefits. Being able to study languages will help me to interact and create stronger networks. I am also interested in having social sciences as my minor subject.

Part 4: Production

17. Production 99 p.

Besvara en av punkterna 17.1–17.4.

Write a composition of 700–1,300 characters on one of the topics below, following the instructions. Spaces and line breaks are not included in the character count. Please note that the limit is 1,300 characters not words.

Leave the three other text fields empty.

17.1 Podcast on friendship across cultures 99 p.

We at the International Cultural Youth Exchange are looking for young people from all over the world to create a series of podcasts. We are inviting sample files as auditions for the series. Create your own contribution on the importance of friendship across cultures. Write the script for what you will say as an introduction to the topic.
 

17.2 To drive or not to drive 99 p.

This is a post on a discussion forum. Write your response to it.

I think wanting to own a car is just so old-fashioned. You don’t have to buy your wheels, when there’s car sharing all over the place. And don’t get me started on getting a driver’s license, even. Cars are going to be driving themselves anytime now.

 

17.3 Lessons learnt? 99 p.

Write an account of a time you have realized something was fake news or you were part of spreading or creating fake news yourself.
 

17.4 My superhero 99 p.

You want to work at a superhero-themed camp for children aged 8–12. There are all kinds of superheroes, real and fictive. Who is yours and why? As part of your application, write an essay analyzing your superhero. You may use the images as inspiration, if you choose.
NOT ALL SUPERHEROES WEAR CAPES
THANKS TO ALL THOSE WORKING DURING THE CORONAVIRUS CRISIS
 

Sources

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  12. Source: SEN.
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